How to write a report? | C2 Proficient (CPE) | (2023)


Level: C2

Exam: C2 Proficient


How to write a report? | C2 Proficient (CPE) | (1)

Article navigation:
C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Structure
C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Writing Guide
C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Writing Topics
C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Example Answers
C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Tips
C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Mark scheme

How to write a report? | C2 Proficient (CPE) | (2)A CPE report is written for a specified audience. This may be a superior, for example, a boss at work, or members of a peer group, colleagues or fellow class members. The content of a report is mainly factual and draws on the prompt material, but there will be scope for candidates to make use of their own ideas and experience.

Areport is a formal paper, it has to be concise (not too literal),well-organized, which makes it permissible and recommended to use headingsso that the reader can quickly find the information they are looking for in your text.

C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Structure

The purpose of this report is to….
Main Body – Subheading (2)
Give the relevant facts
Main Body – Subheading (3)
Give the relevant facts
Main Body – Subheading (4)
Give the relevant facts
Make your recommendations

How to write a report? | C2 Proficient (CPE) | (3)



More than Practice Tests

Get your writing checked, track your progress online.
Sample papers, online practice tests & tips.

C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Writing Guide

How to write a report? | C2 Proficient (CPE) | (4)1. Focus on the target of the report first.
The report starts with the title and introduction, and the introduction starts with a motivational stage attracting the reader to read more.

2. Then you can focus specifically on the tasks in the topic
A report should be well organised and clearly arranged in sections.

3. End your report with a recommendation.
Reader should find here all important conclusions and recommendation according to the given topic.


in which you explain your purpose for writing your report and the matters you have investigated.

Main Body

Paragraphs 2-3-4 (depending on your specific task and issues): present each aspect of the subject under suitable subheadings (positive/negative points). Use the language of describing comparing and analysing.


overall assessment and/or opinion and recommendations to the target reader on measures to improve the current situation/issue.

C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Writing Topics

You are employed as a researcher by a television company that is preparing a documentary about the social problems in your area or country. You have been told to write a report on the problems that you think the programme should cover. Write your report, listing the problems and describing the causes and consequences of them which you think the programme should highlight.

Write your report.

You have just completed a one-week practical training course paid for by your employers. Write the report required by your employers, describing the course content and its usefulness, and saying whether you would recommend it for other members of staff.

Write the report.

(Video) Cambridge Proficiency, Writing Part 2. REPORT how-to

Your language school is looking for better ways for students to learn. They don’t have much money with which to buy high-tech equipment, but they would like to make any improvements that would be both cost-effective and learner-friendly. Write a report on ways in which to improve the school taking into account that it has a relatively tight budget. Suggest three specific improvements, mention how they would benefit the school and state what impact they would have cost-wise.

Write your report

C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Example Answers

Report subject:

A jobs fair was recently held in your town for international organisations and companies to promote careers available for young people. You have been asked to write a report of the jobs fair for your college website. Briefly describe the event and identify two or three promotions of particular interest and relevance. You should also evaluate the extent to which such events can open young people’s minds to new challenges and career opportunities.

Student’s CPE Report Answer:

Recent Jobs Fair

(Video) CPE Writing TIPS ! / Proficiency / C2

Last weekend there was a Jobs Fair in the Town Hall. Over 100 different international companies and organisations had stands giving information about the careers they can offer young people. There were plenty people on each stand to answer questions and to give advice and there was also a wealth of promotional literature available, The Fair also arranged a series of work-related talks, films and other events in the course of the weekend.

Promotions of particular interest

All in all it was an excellent event. There were two stands that I personally found particularly interesting and relevant. The first was one promoting opportunities for language teaching abroad. This is something that I and a number of fellow-students have been seriously considering. We were able to find out there about what qualifications we would need, what kind of working conditions we could expect and where there might be interesting vacancies for us to apply for.

The second stand that drew my particular attention was one for a charity offering young people opportunities to gain experience of other countries and cultures while helping on a range of voluntary projects abroad. These projects included medical, environmental, construction and educational work in a number of different countries. I was able to talk to several young people who had already participated in such work and gained a very positive impression of the benefits of taking part.

Value of such events

In my opinion, such events are of great benefit to young people. They inform us about opportunities that we might not otherwise have known about. They expand our horizons in terms of what we can aspire to. Several of my friends, for example, left the event feeling that their career plans had been transformed by what they have discovered during the Jobs Fair. We all agreed that our eyes had been opened to new opportunities in a very valuable way.

Report subject:

You have recently worked as a volunteer, coaching teenagers at a sports camp designed to encourage young people to take up new sports. The organisers have asked you to write a report for the website. You should briefly describe your responsibilities as a coach for two different sports. You should also evaluate how valuable the sports camp was for teenagers overall and recommend how it could be improved in the future.

Student’s CPE Report Answer:

The purpose of this report is to present what we offer in two of the sports in our camp, assess the impact on the participants and recommend further improvements. I am writing in my capacity as a volunteer coach in cycling and hiking.

Cycling & Hiking Coaching

My main coaching duties for both cycling and hiking, revolved around two aspects: fitness and safety. The participants were given extensive dietary guidance regarding the appropriate intake of nutrients and calories for at least one week before any sporting event as well as crucial tips regarding the proper hydration and fueling of their body during any cycling race or hiking expedition. Great emphasis was, also, placed on safety gear like helmets, knee pads, hiking boots and the indispensable first-aid kit that should always be readily available.

(Video) A Cooking Course - CPE Report Writing - Cambridge Proficiency Writing

Enjoyable today – Beneficial for a lifetime

This is the third year I have volunteered in these two sports and I am proud to say that the feedback
from both children and parents has always been enthusiastic. The experience they gain stretches beyond these two sports activities. The young athletes learn how: to respect the limits of their body, to fend for their dietary needs and to offer basic first-aid help in an emergency.

Further improvements

First and foremost, the sports camp could augment its impact on society by making its courses more affordable. Special discount packages for family members as well as reduced prices for kids with unemployed parents would definitely result in a significantly increased turnout. Moreover, brief weekend activities should be established. They could act as a follow-up throughout the year so that the children would have the opportunity to revise what they learned in the camp and thus consolidate their new habits.

C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Tips

  • How to write a report? | C2 Proficient (CPE) | (8)Remember that with almost any report your goal is to assess the topic of your report and provide your target reader with a balanced evaluation of the topic and some recommendations based on it.
  • Your target reader is either someone in authority (a university professor, city council chair, a head of a committee, etc.) or a group of peers (fellow students, colleagues, members of your local community). You must identify your reader and your role as a writer to choose suitable style and language. Read the task very carefully.
  • The title, subheadings (rubrics) are an integral part of the layout. Please use them.
  • Bullet points help you to structure your ideas and demonstrate the conventions of the task. At the same time, they limit the range of grammatical structures that you may demonstrate. Thus, use bullet points but only in one of the sections of your report.
  • The task identifies the subject of the report and specifies the areas to be covered. The content is thus mainly factual but you need to use your own ideas and experience to add necessary detail, come up with possible problems and solutions.
  • You need to demonstrate an awareness of the language commonly used in reports: describing, comparing, analysing, making recommendations.
  • Your conclusion should be effective and persuasive.

C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Mark scheme


It is necessary to properly and precisely use a wide array of words and expressions, including rarely used ones. The text should include both simple and complex grammar expressions.

The vocabulary also has to be rich and diverse.


It is necessary to maintain the convention of a report or essay in English, such as clear division into paragraphs, headings, bullet points.

The text should be easy to understand for the target reader.


The text should be consistent and very well organized using a wide array of copulas and internal references.


Every sentence in the text should refer to the topic of the assignment, and all the tasks specified in it should be fulfilled.

C2 Proficient (CPE) Report: Useful Phrases & Expressions

We will finish it with some useful vocabulary mostly used to organize information. If you learn several expressions for each paragraph in each type of text that could be on your exam, you will certainly be able to create a very consistent and well-organized text.


The purpose/aim of this report is to….
This report sets out to…
The report will comment on…
Below is an explanation of…
The focus of this report is…
This report will offer an in-depth critique of…

(Video) CPE Writing Part 1 walk through

Comparing and Contrasting

There is a world of difference between… and…
… and… are fundamentally similar
… and… bear little resemblance to each other
There is a clear distinction between… and…
…compares favourably with…
… and… are polar opposites
There is a yawning gap between… and…
There is a subtle difference between… and…
There is a growing disparity between rich and poor.
… is strikingly different to…

Giving Recommendations:

In light of the above, we believe the following
measures should be adopted…

In the short/long term, we suggest you should consider…
My recommendations are as follows:…
In my view, in future, we should…
To improve the situation, we recommend…
It is recommended that…


How do you write a C2 proficient CPE essay? ›

C2 Proficient (CPE) Essay: Writing Guide
  1. Step 1: Read the topic and write down two key points of each extract. ...
  2. Step 2: Introduction: Make a plain reference to the topic of the two texts. ...
  3. Step 3: Body paragraph (1) = Topic sentence + Point 1 + Point 2. ...
  4. Step 4: Body paragraph (2) = Topic sentence + Point 3 + Point4.
19 Jun 2020

How do I write a CPE exam letter? ›

C2 Proficient (CPE) Formal Letter: Structure
  1. Salutation. Dear Sir or Madam, Dear Mr Jenkins.
  2. The Introductory Paragraph. The reason why you're writing this letter / the topic.
  3. The next paragraphs (the body) Organise all the essential information in a clear and logical way. ...
  4. Closing paragraph. – sign off with: Yours faithfully.
7 Mar 2020

Is the CPE test hard? ›

The CPE is one of the most difficult English certificates to obtain, and is one of the most advanced English language qualifications. On the CEFR scale, the Cambridge English Proficienc corresponds to a C2 level.

What is written proficiency? ›

A Writing Proficiency course is one in which the development of writing skills is an integral part of the course objectives. Writing skills do not develop in a vacuum; they develop as students begin to form opinions, ideas, arguments, and understanding of course content.

How do I write a Cambridge essay? ›

An essay should be well organised, with an introduction, clear development and an appropriate conclusion. It should hold the target reader's attention and communicate complex ideas using an appropriate range of vocabulary and structures. Essays are part of the first section of the CAE Writing paper.

How do you structure a report? ›

Report structures do vary among disciplines, but the most common structures include the following:
  1. Title page. ...
  2. Abstract (or Executive Summary in business reports) ...
  3. Table of contents. ...
  4. Introduction. ...
  5. Methodology. ...
  6. Discussion. ...
  7. Conclusion/recommendations. ...
  8. Appendices.

How do you start a report? ›

The first section you start writing in your report is always a summary or introduction. This should stretch across just one or two pages to give your reader a brief glimpse into what your results or findings are.

What is an English proficiency letter? ›

An English proficiency letter contains a clear statement by the writer that certifies the individual in question possesses sufficient English skills. This statement uses language like “I certify that…” or “This letter confirms…” .

How do I write a CAE letter in Engxam? ›

In CAE Writing Part 1 you have to read three points on a topic and then write an essay based on two of them. In your answer you have to point out which of the two points are more important. Your essay has to be 220-260 words long. For CAE Writing Part 2 you get three different assignments to choose from.

Can you fail CPE? ›

The exam is graded as Pass/Fail. Passing a score (70%) in each of the four modules on the Computer Proficiency Examination (CPE), CPE is a way to satisfy your Computer Proficiency Requirement.

What score do you need to pass CPE? ›

Valid scores on the C2 Proficiency Exam range from 180 to 230. A score of 200 or above is considered a “pass” and students with that score will receive the Cambridge C2 proficiency certificate, which corresponds to a level C2 in English on the CEFR.

What happens if you fail CPE exam? ›

If you fail, you will be alerted that you must re-submit the exam. You will not be shown CORRECT vs INCORRECT answers until you pass the exam. You are allowed to take the exam up to three times to achieve a passing score. After that you will need to contact Customer Service to resolve.

What are the levels of writing proficiency? ›

The major levels Advanced, Intermediate, and Novice are divided into High, Mid, and Low sublevels. The Guidelines describe the tasks that writers can handle at each level as well as the content, context, accuracy, and discourse types associated with the writing tasks at each level.

How can I describe my English proficiency? ›

You can describe your language skills as Basiс, Conversational, Fluent, or Proficient. Basic – you can communicate on simple topics or know some phrases in this language. Conversational – you can communicate on everyday topics with minor grammar or vocabulary mistakes but you can't write in this language.

What are levels of proficiency? ›

There are five language proficiency levels, and many employers require at least level three, which is essentially a professional (functional) working proficiency level.
0-5 Language Proficiency Levels
  • 0 – No Proficiency. ...
  • 1 – Elementary Proficiency. ...
  • 2 – Limited Working Proficiency. ...
  • 3 – Professional Working Proficiency.
21 Apr 2022

Do Cambridge essays need a title? ›

You don't need to include a title. It's okay if you do. You have more access to a wider range of language if you have a negative point and a positive point. Your essay doesn't have to be factually accurate!

What does an academic essay look like? ›

Usually, an academic essay follows the standard 5-paragraph structure: an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Moreover, each section will have its own unique internal structure.

What is the most important and longest part of writing for the essay structure? ›

The body of your essay

This is the longest part of the essay. In general, a short essay will have at least three full paragraphs; a long essay considerably more.

What are the 5 parts of a report? ›

Every report should have the following sections:
  • Title page.
  • Table of contents.
  • Executive summary.
  • Introduction.
  • Discussion.
  • Conclusion.
  • Recommendations.
  • References.

What are the 4 parts of a report? ›

  • OVERVIEW: The overview is a brief summary which tells the reader quickly what the report is all about. ...
  • BACKGROUND: The background sets the scene for your reader. ...
  • DISCUSSION: The discussion presents your findings. ...
  • CONCLUSION: Conclusions briefly state the major points that can be drawn from the discussion.

How do you write a professional report? ›

The following are steps you can take to write a professional report in the workplace:
  1. Identify your audience. ...
  2. Decide which information you will include. ...
  3. Structure your report. ...
  4. Use concise and professional language. ...
  5. Proofread and edit your report.

What is report writing example? ›

Report writing is a formal style of writing elaborately on a topic. The tone of a report and report writing format is always formal. The important section to focus on is the target audience. For example – report writing about a school event, report writing about a business case, etc.

How do you start a report introduction? ›

The introduction should:
  1. discuss the importance or significance of the research or problem to be reported.
  2. define the purpose of the report.
  3. outline the issues to be discussed (scope)
  4. inform the reader of any limitations to the report, or any assumptions made.
10 Feb 2022

How do you write a summary of a report? ›

It is best to present your results in a logical order, making them as clear and understandable as possible through concise titles, brief summaries of the findings, and what the diagrams/charts/graphs or tables are showing to the reader.

What is language proficiency certificate? ›

Language certificate (the proof of proficiency required by most universities) Proof of participation at a completed or currently-attended language course (only rarely accepted as proof of proficiency) Confirmation of registration for a language exam (very rarely accepted as the only proof of proficiency)

How do I get an English proficiency certificate from university? ›

How to Request an English Proficiency Letter. To request an English Language Proficiency. You need to go to your previous University from where you completed your degree. For example, if you are applying for a Bachelors degree, then you will go to your college to get a certificate.

How can I waive my English proficiency? ›

How Does It Work?
  1. Send a request letter to waive the English proficiency requirement. Include details on how you think you have met the English proficiency requirement already like work experiences and studies done.
  2. Wait for CNO's response to the letter. ...
  3. Comply with the requested requirements.
5 Feb 2020

How do you write a CAE level letter? ›

C1 Advanced (CAE) Formal Letter/Email: Structure
  1. Salutation. Dear Sir or Madam, Dear Mr Jenkins.
  2. The first paragraph (opening) The reason why you're writing this letter / the topic.
  3. The next paragraphs (main content) Organise all the essential information in a clear and logical way.
  4. Closing and signing off.
12 Jun 2022

How do you start a formal letter CAE? ›

“Dear Editor” → “Best regards” (and your own name and surname) “Dear Sir/Madam” → “Yours faithfully” (and your own name and surname) “Dear Mrs Jones” → “Yours sincerely” (and your own name and surname)

How do you write a C1 informal letter? ›

C1 Advanced (CAE) Informal Letter/Email: Structure
  1. Salutation. Dear…
  2. The first paragraph (opening) Say why you are writing.
  3. The next paragraphs (main content) Give further details or the information that you have been told to give.
  4. Closing and signing off. Give a reason why you're ending the letter.
9 Jun 2022

How do I write a report to Cambridge FCE? ›

B2 First (FCE) Report: Tips
  1. Begin by stating the purpose of your report.
  2. You may use invented statistics to provide a succinct summary of your results.
  3. Use headings. ...
  4. Use lists of numbered points or bullets where appropriate.
  5. Divide your report into sections according to the input.
  6. Develop the ideas in the task input.
1 May 2022

What is a CAE report? ›

The Voluntary Support of Education (VSE) Survey is a questionnaire issued by the Council for Aid to Education (CAE) to assess private giving. The Raiser's Edge CAE Report searches your Raiser's Edge data and compiles the information necessary to complete the VSE Survey.

How do you write a formal letter CAE? ›

C1 Advanced (CAE) Formal Letter/Email: Structure
  1. Salutation. Dear Sir or Madam, Dear Mr Jenkins.
  2. The first paragraph (opening) The reason why you're writing this letter / the topic.
  3. The next paragraphs (main content) Organise all the essential information in a clear and logical way.
  4. Closing and signing off.
12 Jun 2022

What is formal report in research methodology? ›

Introduction. A formal report is a document that analyzes information, determines conclusions and offers recommendations to solve problems. Formal reports are the result of the gathering and analyzing of large amounts of data.

How do I write an essay for FCE exam? ›

B2 First (FCE) Essay: Tips
  2. PLAN your essay.
  3. REVISE your essay to correct mistakes.
  4. Use a variety of discussive words and phrases.
  5. Give examples where possible.
  6. Use formal language.
  7. Don't use contractions (we're, I've etc.)
  8. Sum up your argument in the final paragraph.
19 Jun 2020

How do you write a case report? ›

Case reports should encompass the following five sections: an abstract, an introduction with a literature review, a description of the case report, a discussion that includes a detailed explanation of the literature review, and a brief summary of the case and a conclusion.

How do you write a C1 informal letter? ›

C1 Advanced (CAE) Informal Letter/Email: Structure
  1. Salutation. Dear…
  2. The first paragraph (opening) Say why you are writing.
  3. The next paragraphs (main content) Give further details or the information that you have been told to give.
  4. Closing and signing off. Give a reason why you're ending the letter.
9 Jun 2022

How do I email the Cambridge exam? ›

But now, let's look at an example for each type of task so you get a better idea of all of this.
Useful language for emails/letters.
Opening formulaDear Mr/Mrs/Ms XY, (if you know who you are writing to) Dear Sir/Madam, (if you don't know who you are writing to)Hi XY, Hello XY, Dear XY,
3 more rows


1. English teacher gives Cambridge English C2 Proficiency (CPE) writing feedback
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